AbstractOn-line process measurement of the composition of gas streams in refining, fertilizer, and other manufacturingindustries is essential for the optimal operation of different process units within these facilities. Processanalyzers based on gas chromatography, mass spectrometry, and electrochemical technologies are commonly used in these facilities. However, process conditions for certain streams present major challenges for these traditional technologies. Techniques based on optical spectroscopy, including near-infrared (NIR), infrared (dispersive and Fourier transform), and Raman spectroscopy, can provide analysis solutions for these challenging stream conditions. Raman spectroscopy is particularly useful for streams containing homonucleardiatomic gases, such as H2 and N2. These gases are key components in many chemical processes involving the creation and use of syngas (H2, CO, and CO2), such as the manufacturing of ammonia and methanol. Hydrogen is also an essential feedstock for the hydrotreating, hydrocracking, and catalytic reforming of varioushydrocarbon …
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On-line, real-time moisture measurements in catalytic reformer hydrogen recycle gas streams help refineries assess catalyst condition and improve process control during normal operation, in-situ catalyst regeneration and dry down.